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September 01, 2002
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Russia, 1903, a pogrom kills 12 Jews and destroys 250 homes

The Jerusalem Post's feature "This day in history" reports on September 1, 1903:

Von Plehve, the Russian Minister of the Interior who helped promote the Kishenev pogroms, instigated another pogrom in Gomel, Russia. In spite of a vigorous defense, 12 Jews were killed and 250 homes were destroyed. Thirty-six of the defenders were prosecuted together with the perpetrators of the program.

I publish a related article below.

1903 April 19, KISHINEV (Bessarabia)

Riots break out after a Christian child, Michael Ribalenko, was found murdered (Feb. 16). Although clear that the boy had been killed by a relative, the government chose to call it a ritual murder plot by the Jews.

The mobs were incited by Pavolachi Krusheven, the editor of the anti-Semitic Newspaper "Bessarabetz", and the vice governor Ustrugov.

Vyacheslav Von Plehve, the Minister of Interior, supposedly gave orders not to stop the rioters. During three days of rioting, forty seven Jews were killed, ninety two severely wounded , five hundred slightly wounded and over seven hundred houses destroyed.

Despite a world outcry, only two men were sentenced to seven and five years and twenty-two were sentenced for one or two years.

This pogrom was instrumental in convincing tens of thousands of Russian Jews to leave to the West and to Eretz-Israel. The child's real murderer was later found.

Posted by David Melle at September 01, 2002 01:14 PM

i am doing a report on the pogrom in the early 1900s and late 1800's. if anyone has some good info, please send to me.
my email is catiecat7@comcast.net

Posted by: caitlin on September 4, 2002 03:30 PM

what is a pogrom i am 5 years old

Posted by: lucy on September 4, 2002 03:32 PM

Pogroms, which means "riots" in Russian, were riots that took place around Russia at the turn of the century. They were violent attacks against the Jewish people in which many Jews were killed, causing many of them to flee Russia for other countries. It was almost a prologue to the holocaust and a horrific display of antisemitism. If you want more information, I recommend Korolenko's account of the violence in Kishinev, 1903.

Posted by: Kristie on October 9, 2003 08:43 AM
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