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October 27, 2002
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Brazil elects communist President, very anti-Israeli

I just came back from the Brazilian Consulate in San Francisco, after casting my vote in today's Brazilian presidential elections.

Lula, a communist, Brazil's new president

Although my vote probably won't change much, I felt I had to do what I could to stop the communist Silva (Lula) from taking power.

With 91 percent of the vote counted, Silva — a former shoeshine boy who rose to become the head of a labor union — had 61.5 percent and Serra had 38.5 percent, the government electoral commission announced.

Thousands of Silva supporters gathered in the streets of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, waving his party's red flag in celebration. [...]

Silva's criticism of free-market policies is at odds with Washington. His election could complicate President Bush's goal of creating a hemispheric free-trade zone by 2005. [...]

But even in an area that is a base of support for Silva, his radical past haunted him. "I don't like communists in my country," said Silvio Alvano, a taxi driver who lives in the slum, adding that he was voting for Serra.

My grandfather, Jean Mellé, had created a Brazilian newspaper ('Noticias Populares' or 'Popular News', see article in Portuguese, BabelFish English translation here) in the late 60's and dedicated the last part of his life to stop the communists from taking over in Brazil. He succeeded at the time and is probably turning over in his grave today.

Lula and Fidel Castro Same disrespect of Democracy, human rights, and freedom

So not only is Lula a communist who will probably lead Brazil to chaos, but also Senator José Alencar, Lula's vice president, has declared that "the solution of the conflict between Israel and the Arabs is for the Jewish State to move somewhere else". Alencar's brain is what should be moved somewhere else, it's so small it can probably fit in many places.

I wish Brazil and even Lula luck - they are going to need it after reality hits them in the face in the next few months. I copy below an article that describes Lula's victory.

Silva Poised to Become Brazil President
By Harold Olmos, Associated Press Writer, October 27, 2002

SAO PAULO, Brazil –– Former union boss Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva was poised to win Brazil's presidential election Sunday, marking a historic shift to the left for Latin America's largest country.

The head of Silva's Workers Party declared victory for their candidate, but government-backed candidate Jose Serra had not yet officially conceded defeat. Jose Dirceu told reporters the Workers Party had decided to call Silva "Brazil's president-elect."

With 91 percent of the vote counted, Silva — a former shoeshine boy who rose to become the head of a labor union — had 61.5 percent and Serra had 38.5 percent, the government electoral commission announced.

Thousands of Silva supporters gathered in the streets of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, waving his party's red flag in celebration.

"This is our opportunity to consolidate our hopes for a Brazil which should be more just, and care more about the needs of the people," said Marcos Xavier, a university professor who stood amid some 1,000 Silva supporters on Sao Paulo's main avenue.

While the votes were still being counted, the White House offered its congratulations to the winner.

"The president congratulates the winner of the election and looks forward to working productively with Brazil," said press secretary Ari Fleischer, speaking to reporters aboard Air Force One, while returning from an economic summit in Mexico.

Silva's criticism of free-market policies is at odds with Washington. His election could complicate President Bush's goal of creating a hemispheric free-trade zone by 2005. But the administration has been careful not to criticize Silva during the campaign, aware that any comment could be seen as interference.

Silva, popularly known as "Lula," just missed a victory in the first-round election on Oct. 6, forcing a runoff against Serra, a former health minister with the ruling party.

Silva's election would mark a historic shift to the left for Brazil, which has never elected a leftist president. Its last leftist leader was Joao Goulart, a vice president who assumed power in 1961 when the centrist president resigned. Goulart served 2 1/2; years and was deposed by a right-wing military coup.

Brazilians are caught between hopes that Silva will reverse rising unemployment and economic stagnation and fears that the former radical union leader could worsen the country's economic woes.

"Lula is the only who can bring about the changes that the country needs to reduce unemployment and improve the standard of living of the people," said Eloisa Marques, 38, laid off earlier this year from a drug store.

But standing next to Marques in a voting line in an industrial suburb of Sao Paulo, Waldir Conde said he preferred Serra.

"Lula doesn't have experience to govern," Conde said. "To rule a country like ours, which is dominated by the United States, it is necessary to have a lot of experience and a firm hand. Serra showed he has that."

Brazil's next president will have to pull the world's ninth-biggest economy from the brink of recession, create more jobs and try to lift nearly 50 million Brazilians from poverty.

As he voted in a school in a working class neighborhood of Sao Paulo, Silva spoke of those Brazilians, and the millions of others who live a hand-to-mouth existence.

"I want to dedicate this election to the suffering poor of our beloved Brazil," Silva said as some 200 supporters outside waved Brazilian flags and small plastic banners with the slogan "Now it is Lula."

Despite a 36 percent showing in the most recent pre-election poll, Serra appeared upbeat as he voted in a fashionable neighborhood of Sao Paulo, a city of 16 million.

"I am confident," Serra said. "We believe that today, we are going to surge ahead at the moment of voting ... The result comes not from the polls but from the voting machines."

But Silva hoped to celebrate his 57th birthday, which falls on election day, with a victory, capping his rise from the son of a poor farmer to leader of Latin America's biggest and most populous nation.

He left school after the fifth grade to sell peanuts and shine shoes on the outskirts of Sao Paulo. At 14, he began working in a factory, where he lost his left pinkie finger in a machine press.

In a Sao Paulo slum, or favela, pro-Silva sentiment was prevalent.

"He was the only one — as a metalworker union leader — who helped the poor," said Nelson Luiz da Silva Pelotti, a 56-year-old retired metalworker.

But even in an area that is a base of support for Silva, his radical past haunted him.

"I don't like communists in my country," said Silvio Alvano, a taxi driver who lives in the slum, adding that he was voting for Serra.

Silva first ran for president in 1989 as the candidate of the Workers Party, urging landless farm workers to invade private property and calling for a default on Brazil's foreign debt, which now stands at $230 billion.

However, in the three subsequent presidential campaigns, Silva moderated his radical tone.

Silva has criticized current President Fernando Henrique Cardoso's unbridled free-market policies but is believed to be considering several fiscal conservatives as members of his economic team.

Cardoso — who privatized many of Brazil's giant monopolies and lowered import taxes, but failed to help millions of poor Brazilians — has led Brazil for two four-year terms. He is barred from seeking a third.

Noticias Populares - 1963-2001

O jornal Notícias Populares, o NP, surgiu em São Paulo, em 15 de outubro de 1963, com uma proposta política definida: bater de frente com a Última Hora, que nascera nos anos 50 a pedido do governo Vargas, e sob a inspiração de Samuel Wainer.

Nos turbulentos anos pré-ditadura militar, voltada para o grande público, que mais se identificava com o governo Jango Goulart, herdeiro do trabalhismo de Vargas. A iniciativa de criar o NP foi de grupos de direita, que imaginavam um Última Hora com sinal político invertido. Estavam por trás daquela primeira edição do NP, empresários como José Ermínio de Moraes Filho, Luiz Pinto Thomaz, João Arruda e, o principal deles, o então presidente da UDN, Herbert Levy.

O diretor-geral de Notícias Populares era um romeno, que tivera em seu país um jornal popular, expropriado pela revolução socialista. Chamava-se Jean Mellé, havia sido preso pelos comunistas e libertado depois da Segunda Guerra Mundial. Chegou ao Brasil como outros refugiados de guerra, com o sonho de reconstruir sua vida.

O encontro de Mellé com Levy foi providencial. Enquanto Levy precisava de alguém com experiência profissional e que tivesse horror da ameaça comunista, Mellé tinha sido vítima dos comunistas em seu país, era um talentoso colunista de Última Hora e ambicionava ter seu próprio jornal.

A primeira tiragem do NP saiu com 8 mil exemplares. Desde o início, Mellé optou por um modelo, que imitava as publicações sensacionalistas norte-americanas, rastreadas pelo tripé sexo, crime, e escândalo. Esse gênero de sensacionalismo utiliza o fait-drivers, como seu principal nutriente. Fait-drivers é uma palavra francesa. Refere-se àquela notícia que provoca empatia no leitor (a criança salva depois de ficar quatro dias soterradas; o casal que se mata por amor; a chuva torrencial; o incêndio no edifício; entre outras situações).

Notícias Populares é, portanto, um legítimo representante da imprensa amarela. Esse termo - imprensa amarela - remete ao ano 1980 e aos jornais "World", editado por Joseph Pulitzer, e "Journal", de William Randolph Hearst. Essas duas publicações brigavam pela hegemonia do mercado nova-iorquino.


Para vender mais jornais, Pulitzer e Hearst abusavam das manchetes escandalosas, em corpo tipográfico largo; falsificavam entrevistas; baseavam-se na pseudociência para criar reportagens mirabolantes; inventavam histórias (a cascata, segundo o jargão jornalístico); e promoviam campanhas supostamente em defesa "do cidadão comum", a exemplo do que o apresentador Carlos Massa, o Ratinho, faz ainda hoje.

Curiosamente, os dois jornais concorrentes utilizavam posters de uma história em quadrinhos, cujo principal personagem era "Yellow Kid" (Garoto Amarelo). Pintado de amarelo escandaloso, o Yellow Kid servia para divulgação das edições de domingo dos dois jornais. Daí veio o termo pejorativo "imprensa amarela", para designar aquele veículo de comunicação não necessariamente sério.

Já o termo "imprensa marrom" vem do francês e quer dizer atividade ilegal.. Os primeiros jornais sensacionalistas franceses eram impressos sem licença. Seus idealizadores costumavam ser chamados de "imprimeur marron" (impressor ilegal). O termo"imprensa marron" ainda é utilizado na França, para jornais sensacionalistas, e foi largamente empregado no Brasil também.


Os planos políticos de Herbert Levy e seus companheiros tiveram duração efêmera e não vingaram. Levy deslumbrava ser candidato a governador, depois de um sonhado golpe, que derrubaria Goulart. O golpe veio de fato, consumado pelos militares, que acabaram com as eleições e sufocaram as lideranças políticas da época. Ironicamente, as duas publicações ideologicamente antagonistas - Última Hora e Notícias Populares - iriam parar nas mãos de um único grupo, o Frias-Caldeira, da empresa Folha da Manhã.

De 1971 a março de 1990, o editor do NP foi Ibrahim Ramadam. É nesse período que o NP registrou seus registrou seus maiores hits, como a fantástica história do "bebê diabo". Por 22 edições, de 11 de maio de 1975 a 1 de junho daquele mesmo ano, o NP deu em manchete uma história completamente inventada sobre um suposto nascimento de uma criança, com aparência de demônio, em São Bernardo do Campo, no Grande ABC. A história foi retro-alimentada pela população, que via o bebê diabo em telhados, na rua e até tomando táxis. As edições esgotavam nas bancas.

Depois do bebê diabo foi a vez da loira fantasma, que espreitava motoristas e estudantes nos banheiros das escolas. A loira era uma morta-viva, que se aproximava de alguém, para pedir que o infeliz lhe tirasse o algodão das narinas.

Mais tarde viria outro grande hit, o Pelezão, esse sim, um personagem verdadeiro. Pelezão era um indigente. Ele estava na fila de um albergue público, quando foi chamado por uma psicóloga, com problemas conjugais. Pelezão entrou no carro da psicóloga e manteve uma breve relação sexual com ela. Os dois foram apanhados pela polícia. Pelezão virou herói do NP. Ganhou o apelido, porque a psicóloga supostamente o chamava de "meu Pelezão" nos momentos mais ardorosos do breve encontro. Pelezão estrelou um filme pornô, arrumou emprego como leão-de-chácara de um restaurante do Bixiga até desaparecer novamente no anonimato.


A imprensa sensacionalista ancora-se em aspectos psicológicos. A exemplo de muitos filmes de Hollywood, o jornal tem uma função terapêutica e é o veículo do leitor, para trafegar pelas zonas proibidas do inconsciente. Notícias Populares soube fazer isso muito bem e conquistar seu público.

Um jornal sensacionalista, como o NP, ancora-se em uma espécie de balança: às vezes, ele é transgressor (id); às vezes, o seu contrário, tem valor punitivo (superego). Assim, em certas reportagens o NP vangloriava-se de divulgar um suposto campeonato de sexo, entre atores pornô; e, em outra matéria, mostrava um ladrão morrendo, sendo "comido aos pouquinhos pela aids".

O NP seguiu essa fórmula de sucesso. Depois de uma reforma gráfica, consumada em 1990, o NP foi tirado das mãos de Ramadam. Aquela redação folclórica que havia na época foi substituída. O jornal se tornou mais tecnista e menos romântico. A mão sobre o sensacionalismo tornou-se pesada. O jornal caiu em desgraça. O Ministério Público queria que ele fosse vendido dentro de um saco plástico. O NP foi obrigado a recuar. Os "presuntos" saíram da capa. Vieram as manchetes econômicas e políticas. O leitor debandou. Foi embora para sempre. Sem anunciantes, com baixa venda em banca, o NP foi morrendo lentamente até apagar sem aviso prévio no início da noite de uma sexta-feira de verão, para surpresa de seus próprios redatores e repórteres. Sua última manchete, à Jean Mellé, poderia ser: "Acabou o trampo e levou um pé na bunda".

Posted by David Melle at October 27, 2002 06:50 PM

Revolutionary times

Believe, my foreign brothers, we are living revolutionary times in South America. Hugo Chaves and Luis Inácio Lula da Silva are big fans of Fidel Castro. They say they are doing "social justice", but they are only using the poor persons to reach the Power. They still believe in the lies writed by Marx, Lenin, Mao, Guevara and other sociopaths. They are strangling the private initiative, increasing taxes and trying to control the press and cultural production. The brazilian people, for example, think that communism is past stuff, but they don't realize that North-Corea, Cuba and China are still communists. The brazilian intellectuals just use socialist concepts to analyze our politic reality and this concepts had been so spread out that the people doens't perceive its true nature. We are so dived in terrestrial atmosphere that we can't see the air. The communist jargon and ideas act in the same way. The brasilian people is blind. We are Walking on the edge of the Abyss...

My blog talks about...

Posted by: P. Rocha on October 15, 2004 05:11 PM
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(According to digits.com)