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August 28, 2004
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San Jose Mercury News never mentions "Terrorism" when Israelis are murdered

Honest Reporting (www.honestreporting.com) has conducted a "San Jose Mercury News Terror Study". Articles from the "San Jose Mercury News" (a newspaper based in the San Francisco Bay Area, in California) describing terrorist attacks from Al-Qaeda, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad and other Islamic mass murderers were analyzed from August 1, 2003 to December 31, 2003; a clear anti-Israel bias appeared:

[...] Focusing on just the most prominent parts of articles, we documented 108 headlines and 125 lead paragraphs that applied the terror label to specific acts of violence, aggressors, countermeasures, and legal aspects in China, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Russia, Turkey, the United States, and elsewhere [ed note: except Israel].

A form of the word terror appeared in 13 headlines about specific attacks, and 10 headlines on planned or suspected attacks. The lead paragraph in 26 articles about specific attacks included the word "Terrorist" [T-word]. In 17 first-day stories the headline and/or lead paragraph identified the attack and/or those responsible as terrorist.

Notable examples include:

▪ An August 2 lead paragraph called a suicide bombing that killed at least 35 at a military hospital "Russia's deadliest terrorist attack this year."

▪ An August 8 headline determined that the civilian target of a car bomb attack of the Jordanian embassy in Baghdad "indicates terrorists at work." The lead sentence announced that the car bomb "has brought terrorism to the heart of Iraq's capital."

▪ A September 4 headline and lead sentence blamed suspected "Chechen terrorists" for a train bombing that killed four in southern Russia. [...]

During the same period there were many attacks against civilians in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza, including:

▪ August 19: A suicide bomber killed 18 and injured over 100 in Jerusalem.
▪ September 9: Two suicide bombers, one near Rishon Letzion, the other in Jerusalem, killed at least 13.
▪ October 4: A suicide bomber killed at least 19 in Haifa.

No Mercury News headline identified any of these incidents as terrorism. An August 20 story, a peripheral piece focusing on media coverage, was the only first-day article that identified an attack against civilians in Israel as terrorist. Of 151 articles about Israelis and Palestinians, only one other lead paragraph contained terror terminology, and one other story labeled any specific anti-Israeli attack as terrorist.

No wonder so many leftists in the San Francisco Bay Area follow in the path of their European counterpart, hating Israel and wishing for its destruction.

The bias from the San Francisco Chronicle and San Jose Mercury News is clear. Don't let these unscrupulous story-tellers get away with such bias: stop buying the San Francisco Chronicle and San Jose Mercury News and let them know at subscription_support@sfgate.com or at letters@mercurynews.com.

I copy the full study below - it includes a lot more information and detailed headlines and stories that show the bias pouring out of the San Jose Mercury News.

San Jose Mercury News Terror Study
HonesReporting.com, 3/15/2004, Link
By Andrew Gross and Michelle A. Gross

The American Heritage Dictionary:

ter'ror (n.) 4. Violence committed or threatened by a group to intimidate or coerce a population, as for military or political purposes.

ter'ro'rism (n.) The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political purposes.

ter'ro'rist (n.) One that engages in acts or an act of terrorism.

mil'i'tant (adj.) 1. Fighting or warring. (n.) A militant person or party.


Introduction

American media coverage of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict helps to shape Americans' perceptions of the situation, which in turn affects U.S. policy in the Middle East. Whether deliberate or unconscious, media bias influences public opinion.

The San Jose Mercury News serves Silicon Valley, which consists of Santa Clara County, Southern Alameda and San Mateo Counties, and Northern Santa Cruz County. Over 900,000 people read the newspaper at least once a week. [1] A Mercury News bias could have a great deal of effect on the opinions of much of the fifth largest metropolitan area in the United States.

We conducted a five-month study of Mercury News headlines and articles, comparing coverage of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict with that of similar global conflicts. The purpose of our study was to determine whether the Mercury News employs the same standard for Israel as it does for the rest of the world

Our study focused on the T-word - terror in any form - as it is used to describe acts of violence and those who commit them. We compared the use of the terms terror, terrorism, and terrorist to describe all aspects of attacks targeting Israeli civilians versus similar acts and participants elsewhere around the world.


Parameters

We considered San Jose Mercury News articles during the period August 1, 2003 through December 31, 2003. Articles in the main news section and the Nation & World section were considered; articles in other sections were not.

We studied every article that discussed the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. We also studied articles about acts of violence around the globe. We compared the use of the word terror to describe violence directed at civilians in Israel versus violence elsewhere around the world. Headlines and stories about attacks directed against military targets and soldiers on duty were considered if the description included terror terminology.

We also compared articles about terror-related issues, including terror threats, anti-terror measures, and legal aspects. We considered every headline and story in which the word terror appeared. However terminology used in direct quotations within stories was not analyzed.

While the Mercury News produces its own headlines, the content of many stories comes from parent company Knight-Ridder, as well as from other newspapers and wire services. We considered all such articles, noting that the newspaper is responsible for all its contents, and can choose to edit a piece before publication.


Labeling Terror

Early in our study period the St Petersburg Times addressed this very issue. Editor Philip Gailey considered, "What is the difference between a militant and a terrorist? ... Why do so many news organizations insist on describing terrorists as militants? I don't think militants set out to deliberately kill children... If the word "terrorism" is to have any real meaning, then blowing up a bus crowded with women and children must be condemned for what it is - an act of terrorism." [2]

By contrast the Mercury News did not appear to have a set policy regarding usage of the T-word. During the study period dozens of worldwide attacks aimed at maximizing civilian causalities left hundreds dead and thousands more injured. In some cases the Mercury News referred to these attacks as terrorism; in other cases it was just violence. Sometimes the perpetrators were called terrorists; other times they were labeled as militants, a term that is appropriate for a military confrontation, not a civilian attack.

Focusing on just the most prominent parts of articles, we documented 108 headlines and 125 lead paragraphs that applied the terror label to specific acts of violence, aggressors, countermeasures, and legal aspects in China India, Indonesia, Iraq, Russia, Turkey, the United States, and elsewhere.

A form of the word terror appeared in 13 headlines about specific attacks, and 10 headlines on planned or suspected attacks. The lead paragraph in 26 articles about specific attacks included the T-word. In 17 first-day stories [3] the headline and/or lead paragraph identified the attack and/or those responsible as terrorist.

Notable examples (the first six denote first-day stories) include:

▪ An August 2 lead paragraph called a suicide bombing that killed at least 35 at a military hospital "Russia's deadliest terrorist attack this year." [4]

▪ An August 8 headline determined that the civilian target of a car bomb attack of the Jordanian embassy in Baghdad "indicates terrorists at work." The lead sentence announced that the car bomb "has brought terrorism to the heart of Iraq's capital."

▪ A September 4 headline and lead sentence blamed suspected "Chechen terrorists" for a train bombing that killed four in southern Russia. [4]

▪ An October 28 article on a series of attacks in Baghdad began, "Suicide bombers unleashed a wave of terror in the Iraqi capital Monday..."

▪ A November 16 headline labeled two synagogue car bombings in Turkey "grisly terror attacks". The lead sentence called it "one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in predominantly Muslim Turkey in nearly two decades."

▪ A November 21 story about two bomb blasts at British institutions in Istanbul began, "This was the day the war on terrorism truly came home to Britain."

▪ A November 29 brief item noted the return of the guided missile destroyer USS Cole to overseas deployment for the first time "since it was bombed by terrorists three years ago in Yemen." [5]

Below the headlines and lead paragraphs we continued to find a proliferation of terrorism references. Various articles discussed "terrorist attacks", "terrorist assaults", "terrorist bombings", "terrorist arsenals", "foreign terrorists", "anti-American terrorists", domestic and foreign "anti-terror operations", "terror hunts", "terror threats", a "wave of terrorism", and Osama bin Laden's "terrorist network". Articles routinely referred to the "September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks" and the "war on terrorism".

During the same period there were many attacks against civilians in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza, including:


▪ August 10: A Hezbollah rocket attack killed a teenager in Shlomi.
▪ August 12: Suicide bombers killed a man in Rosh Ha'ayin and a teenager near Ariel. [4]
▪ August 19: A suicide bomber killed 18 and injured over 100 in Jerusalem. [4]
▪ August 29: A sniper killed a man and injured his pregnant wife on a highway near Ramallah.
▪ September 9: Two suicide bombers, one near Rishon Letzion, the other in Jerusalem, killed at least 13. [4]
▪ September 26: An intruder killed a man and a 7 month-old girl during a holiday meal in Negahot.
▪ October 4: A suicide bomber killed at least 19 in Haifa. [4]
▪ October 15: A roadside bomb killed 3 U.S. embassy guards in Gaza.
▪ November 22: Gunmen killed 2 security guards in East Jerusalem.
▪ December 25: A suicide bomber killed 4 and injured 15 near Tel Aviv.
No Mercury News headline identified any of these incidents as terrorism. [6] An August 20 story, a peripheral piece focusing on media coverage, was the only first-day article that identified an attack against civilians in Israel as terrorist. Of 151 articles about Israelis and Palestinians, only one other lead paragraph contained terror terminology, and one other story labeled any specific anti-Israeli attack as terrorist. [7]

We did find one headline that labeled an attempted attack in Israel as terrorism. A September 18 article reported the conviction of three Israelis who had plotted to detonate a trailer packed with explosives outside a Palestinian girls school in East Jerusalem in April 2002. Although the writer never applied the word terror to the attempted attack, the Mercury News decided that the T-word was appropriate for this headline: "Israelis guilty of terrorism attempt." [8]

No article identified any contemporary Palestinian group as terrorist. [9] Attacks on Israeli civilians were never reported as a "wave of terrorism" committed by "terrorist groups". Almost invariably the newspaper allowed euphemisms such as "violence" committed by "militants" or "assailants". Although American and Israeli counter-terrorism tactics have become virtually indistinguishable, only the former were identified as "anti-terror operations". On rare occasions we found a story with an allusion to "terrorism". [10]


Paraphrased Statements

American and international authorities often refer to "terrorism", "terrorists", and the "war on terror" in statements about various international attacks. Many such quotations appeared in articles about violence both in Israel and elsewhere around the world.

Articles also frequently used paraphrases that summarized officials' statements. Many such summaries referred to specific attacks and groups as terrorist. For example,

▪ August 6: "There was no immediate claim of responsibility, but analysts said the attack was probably the work of the regional terrorist network Jemaah Islamiyah, which intelligence agencies say cooperates with Osama bin Laden's Al-Qaida organization."

▪ November 17: "[Newspaper editor Abdel Bari] Atwan said the terrorist group, known as Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades, had made the claim by e-mail."

▪ December 16: "China issued its first formal list of terrorists Monday, accusing four Muslim separatist groups and 11 individuals of committing violence and acts of terror, and calling on other nations to help crack down on them."

All too often only the direct quotations of American and Israeli officials informed readers that Israeli civilians too suffered from terrorism. A number of summarized statements buried within articles included vague references to anti-Israel terror. [11] However officials' summarized statements about specific attacks and the groups responsible never incorporated the T-word. [12] Although American and Israeli authorities universally refer to such acts and groups as terrorist, summaries in the Mercury News typically used the term militant. Examples include:

▪ August 13: "Israel said the bombings were proof Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas and his security chief, Mohammed Dahlan, have been shirking their obligation under the U.S.-backed "road map" peace plan to dismantle militant groups." [13]

▪ August 23: "Senior Israeli defense officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Friday that there were plans in place to kill leaders of Hamas, Islamic Jihad and other militant groups...."

▪ September 21: "Israel and the United States say the Palestinians must take action against militant groups as required under the U.S.-backed "road map'' peace plan." [14]

▪ October 21: Israeli warplanes and helicopter gunships launched five strikes on the Gaza Strip on Monday against what Israel said were targets linked to Palestinian extremist groups." [15]

▪ November 12: "Israel has said the barrier is meant to keep out Palestinian militants responsible for the deaths of hundreds of Israelis in the past three years of violence."

In some cases the newspaper went out of its way to qualify Israeli terrorist designations. An August 17 article said that Israel was backing away from its insistence that Palestinian leaders put in prison the men it [Israel] regards as wanted terrorists". According to a December 27 article Israel had halted assassination attempts of "what it regards as terrorist leaders", despite the Israeli position that the Palestinians had failed to destroy "what Israel calls the terrorist infrastructure".

We found no such modifications to terrorist labels applied to other individuals and groups. For instance the September 4 article on the train bombing did not qualify the Chechen rebels as "men Russia considers terrorists". The December 16 story was not tempered, "China issued its first formal list of those it regards as terrorists..."


Side-by-side Comparison
The front-page of the August 20 Mercury News displayed the most glaring example of the T-word double standard. The previous day two suicide bombings caused the deaths of dozens of civilians: one in Baghdad, the other in Jerusalem. The prominent headline "Deadly bombings jolt Iraq, Israel" preceded side-by-side articles on both attacks.

The secondary headline for the Iraqi attack called it "the deadliest terror attack against the U.N." The lead sentence made clear that in Iraq, "no target is safe from terrorist attack". Quotations by President Bush and a member of the Iraqi governing council included the T-word. A paraphrased statement indicated that American civil administrator Paul Bremer suggested the bombing "was the work of professional terrorists". The writer stated as fact that "foreign terrorists are shifting their strategy to include attacks on civilians and vulnerable non-military targets" and "the terrorists' goal appears to be to further destabilize the country and undermine the faith of average Iraqis in the ability of U.S. troops and their allies to protect them."

The secondary headline for the attack on Israel simply stated, "Palestinian attack kills 18 in Jerusalem." Although the article quoted officials who called the attack "terrorist'; the story itself applied no such label. Palestinian officials were expected to crack down - not on terrorist groups - but on militant groups. According to a paraphrased statement, Israeli officials had demanded that the Palestinian leadership contain men Israel considers terrorists, and that "...Israel has continued to raid Palestinian towns and cities in recent weeks for what it says are wanted terrorists."


Comparison of "Terrorist" and Palestinian Groups

The destruction of Western democracy and its replacement by Islamic theocracy is the stated goal of Al Qaida. [16] The establishment of Islamic governments in Southeast Asia leading to a unified Islamic state is the stated goal of Jemaah Islamiyah. [17] The elimination of the State of Israel and its replacement by an Islamic theocracy is the stated goal of Hamas [18] and Islamic Jihad. [19] The goal of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades is the removal of any Israeli presence in the West Bank and Gaza and the creation of a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital. [20]

Like their international counterparts, Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades routinely and deliberately target civilians, including women and children. They use similar lethal methods designed to maximize the number of civilian casualties. These groups all qualify under United States [21] and United Nations [22] definitions of terrorist groups, and all appear on the State Department's list of designated terrorist organizations. [23]

In 12 headlines specifically-named groups were associated with the terrorist label. Lead paragraphs labeled Al Qaida as terrorist at least 12 times; lead paragraphs identified other groups as such 4 times. These figures do not include the numerous terror labels that appeared in subsequent paragraphs. Mercury News stories identified Al Qaida as a terrorist network so many times we stopped counting. The Southeast Asian group Jemaah Islamiyah was labeled as terrorist at least 10 times. Various groups operating in China, Greece, Ireland, Russia, and Turkey all were identified as terrorist.

In 151 articles about Israel and the Palestinians we were unable to locate a single instance in which a headline or story called Hamas, Islamic Jihad, or the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades a terrorist group. [12]


Conclusion

This study exposes a disturbing trend: the San Jose Mercury News employs different standards for its use of the label terror to describe international hostilities and specifically the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Since September 29, 2000 a total of 635 civilians were killed in terrorist attacks in Israel. (The number does not include 4,300 civilian injuries or the 274 Israeli military deaths.) This figure represents a per capita equivalent of 28,575 Americans. In other words, since the beginning of the second Intifada Israel has suffered the equivalent of September 11th nine and a half times. [24]

Yet standard Mercury News terminology gives readers the impression that the global scourge of terrorism does not affect Israel. While the newspaper routinely identifies acts of terror and anti-terror actions around the globe, similar acts within Israel are not labeled as such. Moreover, while Al Qaida and allied groups are consistently identified as terrorist organizations, Palestinian groups with parallel goals, targets, and methods are not. This double standard should be unacceptable to a newspaper that declares as its mission, "reporting and writing accurately and fairly." [1]

On January 4, 2004 the Miami Herald became the latest newspaper to pledge to call terror "terror." Executive editor Tom Fiedler explained: "It's Herald policy to use the most neutral language available in a given situation. We, too, label those who fight for a cause as militants. But unlike some of our colleagues, we see a line where a militant becomes a terrorist and we don't shy away from the latter word. When a suicide bomber blows up a bus carrying innocent civilians, it's an act of terrorism, not militancy." [25]

We call on the Mercury News editors to join their colleagues at the Miami Herald and the St Petersburg Times and make a commitment to apply the terms terror, terrorism and terrorist in a uniform manner. Attacks designed to harm civilians should be labeled terrorist wherever they arise, be it in Iraq or Israel, Jakarta or Jerusalem, Turkey or Tel Aviv.


Notes

[1] http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/contact_us/about "Total readership numbers are as follows: Daily - 825,400 Total Readers, Sunday - 901,300 Total Readers. Circulation is 276,166 Daily and 309,520 Sundays [2001 ABC Audit]"

[2] http://www.sptimes.com/2003/08/31/news_pf/Columns/Word_choice_matters_i.shtml St Petersburg Times, August 31, 2003: Word Choice Matters in Mideast Reporting

[3] First-day story is a journalist term for an article published for the first time and dealing with something that has just happened, as distinguished from a "follow-up story."

[4] Fatality totals rose after publication. In some cases victims died days later. Figures stated here were available at press time of the initial report.

[5] We found this example particularly noteworthy since the objective was not a civilian target, but rather a military vessel.

[6] The word terror appeared in a total of three headlines about Israel:

Palestinian protest focuses on inmates; Group damaging anti-terror barrier draws fire (August 2)

Israeli jets bomb camp in Syria; Target was training area for terrorists, officials say (October 6)

Despite bombing, Israeli officials optimistic; But Palestinians see no change in conditions they blame for terrorist violence (December 27)

The first headline described an Israeli counter-terror measure; the second headline diluted the statement with the qualifier, "officials say"; and the third headline provided only a vague reference to "violence" in the context of implicitly blaming Israel for the terrorism its citizens suffer.

[7] The lead sentence in the August 20 article paired the previous day's suicide bombings in Iraq and Israel, calling them "twin acts of terrorism". This story, titled "Media address graphic coverage", focused on television coverage of dramatic events, a subject secondary to the actual bombings. A September 12 article noted that an Israeli decision to eliminate Arafat came "after a resurgence of terrorist attacks in Israel, including two suicide bombings Tuesday that killed a total of 15 people." According to the lead sentence in a December 27 article the "worst of the terrorism was over" because Israel was "winning the war against terrorists".

[8] An Israeli scheme to bomb a Palestinian girls school certainly qualifies as an attempted terrorist attack. What we find remarkable is the inconsistency. The headline that prominently labels this failed scheme as terrorist makes the absence of the terrorism label from any headlines about successful Palestinian attacks against Israelis all the more striking. No articles highlighted any of the many Palestinian plots that were foiled, such as this December 8 attempt in which a mother of seven from Nablus smuggled an explosives belt through an IDF roadblock: http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull&cid=1070942847272

[9] Articles on October 7 and 9 demonstrated the absurdity of this refusal to identify specific Palestinian groups as terrorist. The former article described an FBI counter-terrorism sting that funneled money to terror supporters in order to track funds through terror organizations. Yet the lead sentence identified Hamas as a militant group. The latter article - on U.S. Congressional pressure of Syria - described Syrian support of terrorist groups and an alleged terrorist training camp, but referred to the Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad.

[10] Of the 151 articles we found four with allusions to Palestinian terrorism. An August 2 article reported that most of 7,700 Palestinian prisoners held by Israel were suspected of involvement in terrorism. A September 10 article referred to terrorism alerts. A December 12 article said that an apparent mob-related bombing in Tel Aviv marked "a second front in Israel's war on terror."

A December 27 article two days after a suicide bombing near Tel Aviv provided the only detailed acknowledgement that Israelis suffer continually from terrorism. Readers were told that "the worst of the terrorism" was over because Israel was "winning the war against terrorists," and the writer described the "sadly familiar ritual ... that follows terrorist attacks." Also, Israelis believe that the "calm of the past months" was due to Israel's ability to "stop most of the numerous terror attempts that were made."

Nevertheless this article still came up short in some areas. The story did not explicitly label any specific attack as terrorist. The Mercury News continued to refer to "militant Palestinian groups" conducting "militant activity", and continued to qualify Israeli labels. Readers were told that the Palestinian Authority has failed to "dismantle what Israel calls the terrorist infrastructure" and Israel had ceased "'targeted killings' of what it regards as terrorist leaders." (As observed in note [14], the Israeli designation of terrorist leaders and the terrorist infrastructure mirrors the terminology of the Roadmap to Peace document - and hence constitutes accepted terminology by the United States, Russia, the European Union, and the United Nations.)

[11] Within the 151 articles we found 31 paraphrased statements that included vague references to anti-Israel terror:


Terror threats: Aug. 1 article
Terrorism: Aug. 3, Sep. 1, Sep. 19, Dec. 5, Dec. 22
Terrorists: Aug. 3, Aug. 8, Aug. 23, Sep. 18, Sep. 30
Arafat's involvement in terrorism: Aug. 21, Sep. 6, Sep. 15, Sep. 19, Sep. 20, Oct. 5, Oct. 18, Nov. 10
Palestinian Authority and terrorists: Aug. 7, Aug. 25, Aug. 27, Sep. 18, Sep. 21, Oct. 3, Dec. 19, Dec. 26
U.S. attempts to balance UN condemnations of Israel with Palestinian terrorism:
Sep. 17, Oct. 15, Oct. 23
Suspected terrorist camp: Oct. 12

No statement, however, identified any specific act or group as terrorist.

[12] A September 28 article about international funding of terrorism included what approached a paraphrased identification as terrorist of a specific Palestinian group. The writer referred to Al-Qaida and "other groups designated by the United States as terrorist organizations - such as Hezbollah and Hamas, the Islamic Resistance Movement - and dozens of regional affiliates".

[13] The August 13 Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel quoted Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, "We see that the Palestinian Authority isn't doing what it has to do, and the main thing it has to do is dismantle terrorist organizations, confiscate their weapons and wage an uncompromising campaign against terror." http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/nationworld/bal-te.mideast13aug13,0,2033106.story

The August 13 USA Today accurately paraphrased Sharon's statement, noting that the Prime Minister "said that the bombings put the peace process in doubt because the Palestinian Authority had failed to crack down on terrorist groups." http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2003-08-12-bomber-israel_x.htm

We were unable to find any August 12 statement by an Israeli official referring to militant groups.

[14] The Roadmap to Peace - a document drafted by the United States, Russia, the European Union, and the United Nations in April 2003 - was designed to lead to "a permanent two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict." Phase I, the title of which begins with the words "Ending Terror and Violence," calls on Palestinians to "end violence, terrorism, and incitement," "declare an unequivocal end to violence and terrorism and undertake visible efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt, and restrain individuals and groups conducting and planning violent attacks on Israelis anywhere," and begin "sustained, targeted, and effective operations aimed at confronting all those engaged in terror and dismantlement of terrorist capabilities and infrastructure." The word militant does not appear anywhere in the text of the Roadmap. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2003/20062.htm

[15] An Israeli government website lists "IDF anti-terror activity in Gaza" for October 20, 2003, "Communicated by the IDF Spokesman." The IDF report begins by noting that "the Palestinian Authority is doing nothing to curtail this flagrant terrorism in its midst." The report lists the IDF attacks "against the following terrorist targets," including "a pickup truck transporting two terrorists who were responsible for... terrorist attacks" and a vehicle carrying "terrorists fleeing from an intercepted attempt" to carry out an attack on a kibbutz. The word extremist does not appear anywhere in the IDF report. http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/go.asp?MFAH0nwe0

The IDF website lists "Spokesperson's Announcements" for October 20, 2003, and refers to operations against "Hamas and other terror organizations" and "the terror infrastructure." http://www.idf.il/english/announcements/2003/october/20z.stm

CBSNews.com accurately paraphrased the IDF statement: "An Israeli army statement said the vehicle was carrying members of a Palestinian terrorist squad..." http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/10/15/world/main578066.shtml

We were unable to find any October 20 statement by an Israeli military official referring to Palestinian extremist groups.

[16] http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/pgtrpt/2002/html/19991.htm U.S. Department of State, Office of Counter-Terrorism: Patterns of Global Terrorism - "[Al Qaida's c]urrent goal is to establish a pan-Islamic Caliphate throughout the world by working with allied Islamic extremist groups to overthrow regimes it deems "non-Islamic" and expelling Westerners and non-Muslims from Muslim countries-particularly Saudi Arabia."

[17] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/2983612.stm BBC News, August 15, 2003: Jemaah Islamiah Still a Threat - "[Jemaah Islamiah]'s principal goals are the establishment of Islamic governments across the region followed by the formation of a unified South East Asian Islamic state. This state would stretch from southern Thailand, through the Malay Peninsula (including Singapore), across the Indonesian archipelago and into the southern Philippines."

[18] http://www.palestinecenter.org/cpap/documents/charter.html Hamas Charter - "The Islamic Resistance Movement is a distinct Palestinian Movement which owes its loyalty to Allah, derives from Islam its way of life and strives to raise the banner of Allah over every inch of Palestine."

[19] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/1005081.stm BBC News In Depth: Who Are Islamic Jihad? - "Islamic Jihad is committed to the creation of an Islamic Palestinian state and the destruction of Israel through holy war. It also opposes pro-Western Arab governments."

[20] http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/aqsa.cfm Terrorism Project, In the Spotlight: Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades - "Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades strive to drive Israeli forces out of Palestinian territories, i.e. the West Bank and Gaza strip, and establish a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital."

[21] http://www.cia.gov/terrorism/faqs.html CIA "Terrorism FAQs" - "The term "terrorism" means premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience."

[22] http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu6/2/digest.doc Digest Of Jurisprudence of the UN and Regional Organizations on the Protection of Human Rights While Countering Terrorism - "On 9 December 1994, the General Assembly adopted the Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism, in the annex to resolution 49/60. The Declaration stated that terrorism includes 'criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes.'"

[23] http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/pgtrpt/2002/html/19991.htm Islamic Jihad appears under the name "Hizbollah".

[24] The population of Israel is 6,500,000. The population of the United States is 292,452,192 - or 45 times the size of Israel.

635 (Israeli victims) x 45 (U.S./Israel ratio) = 28,575 (victims per capita).

28,575 / 2996 (September 11 victims) = 9.5 times.


Figures cited are from these sources:
Israeli population: Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Facts About Israel
http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/go.asp?MFAH00ks0
United States population: U.S. Census bureau, Census clock, January 25, 2004 http://www.census.gov
Israeli victims: IDF Civilian and security force casualties since September 2000, (updated January 25, 2004)
http://www.idf.il/daily_statistics/english/1.doc
September 11, 2001 victims: September11victims.com
http://www.september11victims.com

[25] http://www.miami.com/mld/miamiherald/7621087.htm Miami Herald, January 4, 2004 commentary: Handle with Care Knight-Ridder, Inc. owns both the Mercury News and the Miami Herald.

Appendix A: First-day Terror Labels

In the following first-day stories, the headline or the lead paragraph (or both) referred to an act of violence or the suspected perpetrators as terrorist.

08-02-03 Suicide bomber strikes in Russia [A suicide bomber rammed a truck full of explosives through the gates of a military hospital Friday evening in southern Russia, killing at least 35 people and injuring at least 76, in Russia's deadliest terrorist attack this year.]

08-06-03 Car bomb in Indonesia leaves 14 dead, 148 injured; Analysts say regional terrorists behind apparent suicide attack

08-08-03 Embassy bombing adds new type of threat in Iraq; Civilian target indicates terrorists at work [The car bomb that ripped apart the Jordanian Embassy on Thursday has brought terrorism to the heart of Iraq's capital and presented the U.S.-led occupation with a new and unpredictable threat.]

08-20-03 Deadly bombings jolt Iraq, Israel; Iraq: U.N. envoy killed, at least 100 injured in deadliest terror attack against the U.N. [Tuesday's brazen strike on the U.N. headquarters in Baghdad, a symbol of international cooperation in Iraq, renewed fears that despite the presence of nearly 150,000 U.S. and other coalition soldiers in the country, no target is safe from terrorist attack.]

08-20-03 Media address graphic news; Bombings raise questions about broadcasting bloody footage [Twin acts of terrorism in Iraq and Israel repeatedly filled cable news screens with bloody images Tuesday as details came in and casualty counts mounted.]

08-23-03 SUV attacks called domestic terrorism

08-26-03 46 killed in India by twin car blasts Subhead: Scene of terror

09-03-03 Iraqi bombings keep postwar death toll rising [The drumbeat of terrorist violence in Iraq continued Tuesday as a car bomb exploded outside the national police headquarters in Baghdad, killing one officer and wounding more than a dozen, authorities and hospital officials said.]

09-04-03 4 Russians die in train blast; Chechen terrorists blamed; Many students were aboard [Two bombs exploded under a suburban commuter train packed with students on their way to school in southern Russia on Wednesday, killing at least four people and wounding 44 in what authorities said was probably a Chechen terrorist attack.]

4 suicide bombings kill 35 in Baghdad [Suicide bombers unleashed a wave of terror in the Iraqi capital Monday illustrating the inability of U.S.-led coalition forces to guarantee security and the ability of the guerrillas to strike seemingly anywhere.]

10-28-03 Attacks threaten to delay power transfer to Iraqis; U.S. fears governing council is unprepared for hand-over [The terrorist attacks that have shaken Baghdad over the past few days threaten to undermine the Pentagon's strategy for extricating U.S. troops from Iraq, senior U.S. officials and independent experts said Monday.]

11-09-03 Bomb jolts Saudi capital; At least 4 die in strike on residential target 1 day after U.S. alert [Saudi Arabia's capital of Riyadh was rocked by a huge explosion just before midnight Saturday in what the country's Interior Ministry described as a terrorist attack against a residential compound.]

11-16-03 Twin car bombs leave Turks shaken; At least 20 killed, 303 hurt in Sabbath strikes at synagogues; Grisly terror attacks called deadliest in nearly 2 decades; [Car bombs exploded nearly simultaneously outside two synagogues during Sabbath services Saturday morning, killing at least 20 people and injuring 303 in one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in predominantly Muslim Turkey in nearly two decades, Turkish authorities said.]

11-21-03 Istanbul carnage too close to home [This was the day the war on terrorism truly came home to Britain.]

11-21-03 Bush and Blair pledge continued solidarity [President Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair denounced Thursday's bombings in Istanbul that killed at least 27 people, calling them the latest attack in the war on terrorism.]

12-05-03 Russia: Train bomb near Chechnya kills 19 [A bomb ripped through a commuter train near Rostov-on-Don, near the war-wracked region of Chechnya today, killing 19 people and wounding dozens in what authorities described as an act of terrorism.]

12-10-03 Bomber kills six in Moscow; Duma may have been target; Blast in front of historic central hotel near Kremlin comes days after election [A suicide bomber detonated a belt of explosives Tuesday in central Moscow, killing 5 people and injuring 14 others in what authorities called a terrorist attack possibly intended for the nearby Russian parliament.]


Appendix B: Terror in Headlines

Categorized by Location

Afghanistan
10-29-03 CIA workers die hunting terrorists in Afghanistan

Belgium
18 men convicted in Belgian trial of Al-Qaida terrorists

Central America
08-13-03 Nicaragua: U.S. worries missile poses terror threat
Powell urges Central America to join fight against terrorism

China
12-16-03 China seeking crackdown, issues first list of terrorists

Germany
12-12-03 Terrorism case breaks down; German court frees Moroccan man implicated in Sept. 11 hijacking plot
12-31-03 Germany: Fear of terror attack prompts street closure

Greece
Greece: Terrorists sentenced in November 17 ring

India
08-01-03 India: Nation's officials connect Pakistan with terrorism
08-27-03 Deaths in India hit 52 in wake of bombings; Official accuses Pakistan after terror attack
10-23-03 India seeks fence-mending with Pakistan
subhead: Terrorism must end

Indonesia
08-06-03 Car bomb in Indonesia leaves 14 dead, 148 injured; Analysts say regional terrorists behind apparent suicide attack
Jakarta explosion likened to Bali blast; Similarities turn focus to Islamist terrorist group
08-08-03 Bali blast plotter sentenced to death; 1st person convicted in 2002 terror attack
09-03-03 Cleric acquitted in terror case
09-07-03 Indonesia defends terrorism acquittal
10-22-03 Bush visits Indonesia to support its war on terror
11-02-03 Indonesia: Wanted terrorists elude police again

Iraq
08-08-03 Embassy bombing adds new type of threat in Iraq; Civilian target indicates terrorists at work
Car bombing tied to terrorists
08-20-03 Deadly bombings jolt Iraq, Israel; Iraq: U.N. envoy killed, at least 100 injured in deadliest terror attack against the U.N.
08-22-03 U.S.: Terrorism is No. 1 threat in Iraq
09-07-03 Poor intelligence reports blamed in terrorism battle; Rumsfeld asks Iraqis to help curb terrorists
09-08-03 Analysis: Mixing war on terrorism, postwar Iraq is a tough sell
09-09-03 Rumsfeld: Bush critics encourage terrorists
12-11-03 Thousands of Iraqis rally against violence; For many, terrorism taking away job opportunities

Ireland
08-07-03 Ireland: Alleged faction leader convicted of terrorism

Israel
09-18-03 Israelis guilty of terrorism attempt; They planted bomb near Arab school
12-27-03 Despite bombing, Israeli officials optimistic; But Palestinians see no change in conditions they blame for terrorist violence

Italy
12-28-03 Was the Vatican a terrorist target?

Morocco
09-19-03 Morocco: French man gets life in prison for terror plot

Philippines
10-13-03 Top terrorist killed in Philippines
10-24-03 Philippines: Two suspects with links to terror groups arrested
12-30-03 Philippines: Two U.S. brothers held on suspicion of terror
12-31-03 Bay Area pair with alleged terror links arrested

Russia
09-04-03 4 Russians die in train blast; Chechen terrorists blamed

Saudi Arabia
08-01-03 Senators urge Saudis to halt terror funding
08-26-03 Saudi-U.S. team to track terror funding
08-27-03 Saudi Arabia: U.S. to deploy agents to probe terror funds
11-13-03 Clark calls Saudis key in terror hunt
12-07-03 Saudis pursue terrorist suspects
12-11-03 CIA: Al-Qaida targeting Saudi royals; Top-secret memo warns of terror goals; Oil instability would harm U.S. economy

Spain
09-12-03 Al-Jazeera journalist jailed on terror charges
09-18-03 Spain indicts bin Laden in Sept. 11 terror plot

Syria
10-06-03 Israeli jets bomb camp in Syria; Target was training area for terrorists, officials say

Thailand
08-17-03 Arrests buoy Asia's war on terrorism
10-18-03 Bush to focus on terror at summit
10-19-03 Bush urges Asian countries to join battle against terrorism

Turkey
11-16-03 Twin car bombs leave Turks shaken; At least 20 killed, 303 hurt in Sabbath strikes at synagogues; Grisly terror attacks called deadliest in nearly 2 decades
11-21-03 Bush and Blair pledge continued solidarity; 100,000 protest Iraq conflict during London meeting; Leaders say terrorism must be faced
Turkey: Citizen is charged in terrorist bombings
Turkey: Police foil terrorist cell behind bombings

Uganda
08-16-03 Idi Amin dies at 80; Ex-dictator of Uganda led reign of terror

United States
08-01-03 Poindexter to resign over anti-terror project
08-01-03 Sacramento: Audit: Cuts hurt terror readiness
08-06-03 Florida's counterterror database to quickly scan personal records; Police system expected to expand nationwide
08-07-03 Longer delays predicted for flyers; Reports of terrorist plots lead airports to screen electronic devises more closely
Terror charge follows long-secret detention
08-11-03 Government chips away at lawyer-client privilege; Scandals and terrorism propel legal restrictions
08-13-03 Washington D.C.: Poindexter resigns, defends terror market
08-19-03 Virginia: Sniper suspect allegedly praised terrorists
08-20-03 Ashcroft strongly defends U.S. anti-terrorism efforts
08-23-03 SUV attacks called domestic terrorism
08-31-03 New York: Survey: Broadcast top source if terror strikes
09-08-03 New Yorkers still on edge, two years later; Poll shows many grappling with anxiety as anniversary of terrorist attacks nears
09-10-03 Americans feel no safer two years after Sept. 11; Poll: terrorist attacks feared
09-11-03 Virginia: Terror defendant denied access to prisoners
09-11-03 Tape urges fighters to 'bury' U.S. in Iraq; subhead: Bush speaks on terror
09-13-03 Higher threshold for public warnings of terror attacks
09-15-03 Broader legal power sought in terror fight
09-16-03 Washington D.C.: Ashcroft mocks critics of new terrorism law
09-18-03 Ashcroft: No library records have been sought; Provision of anti-terrorism law has alarmed civil libertarians
09-28-03 Patriot Act applied broadly, U.S. says; Powers applied to cases with no terror links
10-02-03 Eco-terror attacks more frequent and fierce
10-03-03 Setback for U.S. in terror case
10-04-03 Future terror cases in doubt
10-08-03 Terror case stays in civilian court
10-09-03 Washington D.C.: Anti-terror official leaves for Las Vegas
10-17-03 Two plead guilty to terrorist conspiracy
10-17-03 General's religious imagery rebuked; Official has called war on terror a Christian campaign
10-23-03 Private Rumsfeld memo raises doubts about future of military, war on terror
11-11-03 Terror suspects' rights weighed
11-30-03 Former Justice officials question anti-terror law
Terrorism suspect allowed to see lawyer
Appeals court weighs rights in terror case
U.S. court undercuts anti-terror strategy; 'Material support' to terrorists has fed prosecutions
12-04-03 Australian terror suspect is assigned legal help
12-08-03 Terror cases often fizzle
12-13-03 FBI merges terrorism and crime probes
Judge faults prosecutors in anti-terror case
12-16-03 Panel: Terror efforts waning
12-19-03 Courts set limits on terror detention
12-20-03 Holiday travelers urged to be extra cautious; No change in terror-threat level despite ominous chatter
12-22-03 U.S. put on high alert after terrorism threat
12-23-03 U.S., wary of attacks, may extend terror alert
12-23-03 Clark: Bush policy on Iraq led to latest terror alert
12-25-03 State focus of terror alert
12-26-03 Officials suspect Vegas a target; A possible terror attack may have been averted when three Paris-to-L.A. flights were cancelled, U.S. says.
12-27-03 Delayed Paris flights resume; It's still unclear whether action stopped terrorism
12-29-03 Revised terror alerts urged
12-30-03 More sky marshals demanded; Foreign airlines must now put armed guards on U.S. flights when terror risk suspected
12-31-03 Panel to review military terrorism trials

West Bank
08-02-03 Palestinian protest focuses on inmates; Group damaging anti-terror barrier draws fire
10-18-03 Arab Americans object to Lieberman's remarks; Candidate says Israeli treatment of Palestinians 'not terrorism'

Global
08-17-03 Bush thanks global allies; He praises efforts in terror crackdown
08-17-03 Report: U.S. ranks 4th in world for terror risk
09-17-03 Washington D.C.: White House proposes master list of terrorists
09-28-03 Terrorists' funds still flowing
11-21-03 Analysis: Terror network as lethal as ever
Terrorist funds still flowing despite global sanctions
12-21-03 Joint U.S.-European terrorism fights urged
12-24-03 Foreign flight crews under more scrutiny; U.S. officials worry about lax security, infiltration by terror sympathizers

Categorized by Group

Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades
11-16-03 Twin car bombs leave Turks shaken; At least 20 killed, 303 hurt in Sabbath strikes at synagogues; Grisly terror attacks called deadliest in nearly 2 decades

Al Qaida
08-09-03 Terror charge follows long-secret detention; Pakistani man accused of helping Al-Qaida associate sneak into U.S.
08-26-03 Saudi-U.S. team to track terror funding; Al-Qaida bombings in Riyadh spurred greater cooperation
09-08-03 New Yorkers still on edge, two years later; Poll shows many grappling with anxiety as anniversary of terrorist attacks nears
09-11-03 Virginia: Terror defendant denied access to prisoners
09-12-03 Al-Jazeera journalist jailed on terror charges
09-18-03 Spain indicts bin Laden in Sept. 11 terror plot; Judge says Al-Qaida used nation as planning base
09-23-03 Pakistani police capture Al-Qaida terror suspect
10-01-03 18 men convicted in Belgian trial of Al-Qaida terrorists
10-03-03 Setback for U.S. in terror case; Judge bans death penalty, evidence from Sept. 11 attacks
10-04-03 Future terror cases in doubt; Military court may prosecute Al-Qaida figure
10-08-03 Terror case stays in civilian court; But Moussaui still faces possible military tribunal later
10-29-03 CIA workers die hunting terrorists in Afghanistan
11-13-03 Clark calls Saudis key in terror hunt; He spells out plan to get bin Laden
11-21-03 Analysis: Terror network as lethal as ever; Unpredictable Al-Qaida groups harder to fight
Appeals court weighs rights in terror case
12-04-03 Australian terror suspect is assigned legal help
12-07-03 Saudis pursue terrorist suspects
12-11-03 CIA: Al-Qaida targeting Saudi royals; Top-secret memo warns of terror goals
12-13-03 Judge faults prosecutors in anti-terror case
U.S. put on high alert after terrorism threat; New intelligence at peak of holiday season about possible Al-Qaida attacks that could surpass devastation of Sept. 11, 2001.
12-23-03 U.S., wary of attacks, may extend terror alert; Disturbing clues suggest Al-Qaida has major plans
Turkey: Police foil terrorist cell behind bombings

Ansar al-Islam
08-08-03 Embassy bombing adds new type of threat in Iraq; Civilian target indicates terrorists at work
Car bombing tied to terrorists
08-20-03 Deadly bombings jolt Iraq, Israel; Iraq: U.N. envoy killed, at least 100 injured in deadliest terror attack against the U.N.
08-22-03 U.S.: Terrorism is No. 1 threat in Iraq
09-07-03 Poor intelligence reports blamed in terrorism battle; Rumsfeld asks Iraqis to help curb terrorists
09-08-03 Analysis: Mixing war on terrorism, postwar Iraq is a tough sell
09-09-03 Rumsfeld: Bush critics encourage terrorists
12-11-03 Thousands of Iraqis rally against violence; For many, terrorism taking away job opportunities
12-31-03 Germany: Fear of terror attack prompts street closure

Bat Ayin ring
09-18-03 Israelis guilty of terrorism attempt; They planted bomb near Arab school

Chechen Islamists
09-04-03 4 Russians die in train blast; Chechen terrorists blamed

Chinese Islamists
12-16-03 China seeking crackdown, issues first list of terrorists

Earth Liberation Front
08-23-03 SUV attacks called domestic terrorism
10-02-03 Eco-terror attacks more frequent and fierce

Islamic Jihad
10-06-03 Israeli jets bomb camp in Syria; Target was training area for terrorists, officials say

Jemaah Islamiyah
08-06-03 Car bomb in Indonesia leaves 14 dead, 148 injured; Analysts say regional terrorists behind apparent suicide attack
08-07-03 Jakarta explosion likened to Bali blast; Similarities turn focus to Islamist terrorist group
08-08-03 Bali blast plotter sentenced to death; 1st person convicted in 2002 terror attack
08-17-03 Arrests buoy Asia's war on terrorism
08-17-03 Bush thanks global allies; He praises efforts in terror crackdown
09-03-03 Cleric acquitted in terror case
Indonesia defends terrorism acquittal
10-13-03 Top terrorist killed in Philippines
10-22-03 Bush visits Indonesia to support its war on terror
10-24-03 Philippines: Two suspects with links to terror groups arrested
11-02-03 Indonesia: Wanted terrorists elude police again
12-30-03 Philippines: Two U.S. brothers held on suspicion of terror
12-31-03 Bay Area pair with alleged terror links arrested

Katibat Al-Mawt
10-17-03 Two plead guilty to terrorist conspiracy

Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (Pakistani Islamists)
08-01-03 India: Nation's officials connect Pakistan with terrorism
08-27-03 Deaths in India hit 52 in wake of bombings; Official accuses Pakistan after terror attack
10-23-03 India seeks fence-mending with Pakistan
subhead: Terrorism must end

November 17
Greece: Terrorists sentenced in November 17 ring

Salafia Jihadia
09-19-03 Morocco: French man gets life in prison for terror plot

The Real IRA
08-07-03 Ireland: Alleged faction leader convicted of terrorism


Specific Attacks

08-06-03 Car bomb in Indonesia leaves 14 dead, 148 injured; Analysts say regional terrorists behind apparent suicide attack
08-07-03 Jakarta explosion likened to Bali blast; Similarities turn focus to Islamist terrorist group
08-08-03 Embassy bombing adds new type of threat in Iraq; Civilian target indicates terrorists at work
08-08-03 Bali blast plotter sentenced to death; 1st person convicted in 2002 terror attack
Car bombing tied to terrorists
08-19-03 Virginia: Sniper suspect allegedly praised terrorists
08-20-03 Deadly bombings jolt Iraq, Israel; Iraq: U.N. envoy killed, at least 100 injured in deadliest terror attack against the U.N.
08-27-03 Deaths in India hit 52 in wake of bombings; Official accuses Pakistan after terror attack
09-04-03 4 Russians die in train blast; Chechen terrorists blamed
09-08-03 New Yorkers still on edge, two years later; Poll shows many grappling with anxiety as anniversary of terrorist attacks nears
09-18-03 Spain indicts bin Laden in Sept. 11 terror plot
11-16-03 Twin car bombs leave Turks shaken; At least 20 killed, 303 hurt in Sabbath strikes at synagogues; Grisly terror attacks called deadliest in nearly 2 decades
12-20-03 Turkey: Citizen is charged in terrorist bombings


Planned or Suspected Attacks

08-07-03 Longer delays predicted for flyers; Reports of terrorist plots lead airports to screen electronic devises more closely
08-13-03 Nicaragua: U.S. worries missile poses terror threat
08-17-03 Report: U.S. ranks 4th in world for terror risk
08-31-03 New York: Survey: Broadcast top source if terror strikes
09-10-03 Americans feel no safer two years after Sept. 11; Poll: terrorist attacks feared
09-13-03 Higher threshold for public warnings of terror attacks
09-18-03 Israelis guilty of terrorism attempt
09-19-03 Morocco: French man gets life in prison for terror plot
12-11-03 CIA: Al-Qaida targeting Saudi royals; Top-secret memo warns of terror goals; Oil instability would harm U.S. economy
12-20-03 Holiday travelers urged to be extra cautious; No change in terror-threat level despite ominous chatter
12-22-03 U.S. put on high alert after terrorism threat
12-23-03 U.S., wary of attacks, may extend terror alert
12-23-03 Clark: Bush policy on Iraq led to latest terror alert
12-25-03 State focus of terror alert
12-26-03 Officials suspect Vegas a target; A possible terror attack may have been averted when three Paris-to-L.A. flights were cancelled, U.S. says.
12-28-03 Was the Vatican a terrorist target?
12-29-03 Revised terror alerts urged
12-30-03 More sky marshals demanded; Foreign airlines must now put armed guards on U.S. flights when terror risk suspected
12-30-03 Philippines: Two U.S. brothers held on suspicion of terror
12-31-03 Bay Area pair with alleged terror links arrested
12-31-03 Germany: Fear of terror attack prompts street closure


Appendix C: Terror in Lead Paragraphs

The lead paragraph in articles on these dates included a form of the word terror.
Paragraph texts can be accessed via the article URL in Appendix D.
Date Subject Location

08-01-03 anti-terror United States
08-01-03 anti-terror Saudi Arabia
08-01-03 anti-terror United States
08-01-03 terrorist attacks India
08-02-03 terrorist attack Russia
08-06-03 anti-terror United States
08-06-03 terrorist attack, Pan Am (1988) Scotland
08-07-03 anti-terror United States
08-08-03 terrorist attack Iraq
08-08-03 terrorist attack (2002) Bali
08-09-03 terrorist attack, Al Qaida Iraq
08-10-03 Sept 11 terrorist attacks (2001) United States
08-11-03 terrorism laws United States
08-12-03 Al Qaida terrorists Iran
08-13-03 anti-terror United States
08-13-03 terror threat Nicaragua
08-16-03 Al Qaida terrorist Indonesia
08-17-03 Jemaah Islamiyah terror network Thailand
08-17-03 terror threat global
08-19-03 anti-terror United States
08-19-03 Sept 11 terrorist attacks (2001) United States
08-20-03 terrorist attack Iraq
08-20-03 terrorist attacks Iraq, Israel
08-20-03 anti-terror United States
08-22-03 terrorism Iraq
08-23-03 terrorist attack Iraq
08-23-03 terror threats United States
08-26-03 Al Qaida terrorist funding Saudi Arabia
09-03-03 terrorist attack Iraq
09-03-03 Jemaah Islamiyah terror network Indonesia
09-04-03 terrorist attack Russia
09-06-03 terror threats global
09-07-03 Sept 11 terrorist attacks (2001) United States
09-07-03 terrorists Iraq
09-07-03 terror prosecution Indonesia
09-08-03 terrorism Iraq
09-09-03 war on terrorism United States
09-10-03 terror threats United States
09-11-03 anti-terror United States
09-11-03 terror prosecution United States
09-12-03 terrorism Spain
09-13-03 terror threats United States
09-13-03 terrorist attack (1986) Pakistan
09-17-03 terrorists global
09-19-03 terror threats United States
09-19-03 terrorist attacks Indonesia
09-23-03 Jemaah Islamiyah terror network Pakistan
09-24-03 terrorists global
09-28-03 anti-terror United States
09-28-03 terror funding global
10-02-03 eco-terrorism United States
10-02-03 Al Qaida terror Saudi Arabia
10-02-03 terror threats United States
10-03-03 terrorist, Sept 11 attacks (2001) United States
10-03-03 terror threats United States
10-04-03 terror prosecutions United States
10-09-03 anti-terror United States
10-12-03 terrorist attack (2002) Indonesia
10-13-03 anti-terror global
10-13-03 terrorist Philippines
10-16-03 terrorism Syria
10-17-03 terrorists United States
10-17-03 war on terror United States
10-18-03 terrorism Thailand
10-19-03 terrorism Philippines
10-22-03 terrorism Indonesia
10-23-03 Al Qaida terror group global
10-24-03 Al Qaida terrorist group United States
10-24-03 terrorists Iraq
10-24-03 Jemaah Islamiyah terror network Philippines
10-28-03 terrorist attacks Iraq
10-28-03 terrorist attacks Iraq
10-29-03 terrorists Afghanistan
10-29-03 terror threats United States
11-02-03 terrorists Indonesia
11-05-03 terrorism Central America
11-09-03 terrorist attack Saudi Arabia
11-11-03 terror prosecution United States
11-11-03 anti-terror Afghanistan
11-16-03 terrorist attacks Turkey
11-17-03 terrorist group Turkey
11-21-03 war on terrorism, terror attack Turkey
11-21-03 war on terrorism, terror attack Turkey
11-21-03 Al Qaida terrorist network global
11-26-03 terrorists Saudi Arabia
11-29-03 terrorists, terror attack (2000) Yemen
11-30-03 anti-terror United States
12-03-03 terror prosecution United States
12-04-03 terror prosecution United States
12-04-03 anti-terror United States
12-04-03 terror suspect United States
12-04-03 terror threats Saudi Arabia
12-05-03 terrorist attack Russia
12-06-03 terrorists, terror attack Russia
12-07-03 Al Qaida, terrorist arsenal Saudi Arabia
12-07-03 terrorist suspects Saudi Arabia
12-08-03 terror prosecutions United States
12-08-03 terrorist network Saudi Arabia
12-09-03 terror threats Greece
12-09-03 wave of terrorism Saudi Arabia
12-10-03 terrorist attack Russia
12-11-03 anti-terrorist rally Iraq
12-11-03 Al Qaida terrorist network Saudi Arabia
12-13-03 anti-terror United States
12-13-03 terror prosecution United States
12-14-03 Al Qaida terrorist network funding global
12-14-03 war on terror Saudi Arabia
12-16-03 anti-terror United States
12-16-03 terrorists China
12-18-03 November 17 terror organization Greece
12-19-03 war on terrorism United States
12-19-03 Sept 11 (2001) terror attacks United States
12-19-03 anti-terrorism United States
12-20-03 terror threats United States
12-20-03 anti-terror prosecution Turkey
12-21-03 war on terror global
12-22-03 terror threats United States
12-23-03 terror threats United States
12-24-03 terrorist groups, threats United States
12-25-03 terrorist threat United States
12-27-03 terrorist threat United States
12-27-03 terrorism, terrorists Israel
12-28-03 terrorists threat Italy
12-29-03 anti-terror United States
12-30-03 terrorists threat United States
12-31-03 terrorist prosecutions United States


Appendix D: URLs for articles with terror terminology (except Israel)

Each article includes a reference to terror beyond direct quotations.
Items underlined we were unable to locate on the Mercury News website.

08-01-03 Poindexter to resign over anti-terror project
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6434410.htm

08-01-03 Senators urge Saudis to halt terror funding
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6434412.htm

08-01-03 Sacramento: Audit: Cuts hurt terror readiness
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6434415.htm

08-01-03 India: Nation's officials connect Pakistan with terrorism
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6434421.htm

08-02-03 Suicide bomber strikes in Russia
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6442819.htm

08-03-03 Lax security faulted in Chechnya bombing
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6448377.htm

08-06-03 Car bomb in Indonesia leaves 14 dead, 148 injured
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6469131.htm

08-06-03 Florida's counterterror database to quickly scan personal records
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6469138.htm

08-06-03 Libya close to taking blame for 1988 Pan Am bombing
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6469150.htm

Jakarta explosion likened to Bali blast
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6477852.htm

08-07-03 U.S. develops ebola vaccine as rapid bioterrorism defense
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6477857.htm

08-07-03 Ireland: Alleged faction leader convicted of terrorism
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6477858.htm

08-07-03 Longer delays predicted for flyers
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6477859.htm

08-08-03 Bomb in Iraq kills 16 at Jordanian embassy
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6486571.htm

08-08-03 Embassy bombing adds new type of threat in Iraq
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6486573.htm

08-08-03 Bali blast plotter sentenced to death
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6486570.htm

Car bombing tied to terrorists
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6495383.htm

Terror charge follows long-secret detention.
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6495381.htm

08-10-03 Congress report on Sept. 11 disputed
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6501001.htm

08-11-03 Government chips away at lawyer-client privilege
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6506290.htm

08-12-03 Al-Qaida leaders are held in Iran, Saudi officials say
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6513702.htm

08-12-03 Bali bombing suspect welcomes death penalty
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6513707.htm

08-13-03 Washington D.C.: Poindexter resigns, defends terror market
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6521665.htm

08-13-03 Nicaragua: U.S. worries missile poses terror threat
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6521675.htm

08-16-03 Idi Amin dies at 80
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6547429.htm

Traced call betrayed Al-Qaida operative
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6547445.htm

08-17-03 Bush thanks global allies
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6553165.htm

08-17-03 Arrests buoy Asia's war on terrorism
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6553166.htm

08-17-03 Report: U.S. ranks 4th in world for terror risk
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6553170.htm

08-19-03 Patriot Act support sought to counteract opposition
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6566294.htm

08-19-03 Virginia: Sniper suspect allegedly praised terrorists
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6566298.htm

08-20-03 Deadly bombings jolt Iraq, Israel; Iraq: U.N. envoy killed, at least 100 injured in deadliest terror attack against the U.N.
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6574516.htm

08-20-03 Media address graphic news
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6574542.htm

08-20-03 Ashcroft strongly defends U.S. anti-terrorism efforts
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6574524.htm

08-22-03 U.S.: Terrorism is No. 1 threat in Iraq
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6592051.htm

08-22-03 Powell appeals to U.N. for help
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6592053.htm

08-23-03 Bush appoints divisive scholar
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6602481.htm

08-23-03 Mom's call from Iraq stuns relatives
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6602491.htm

08-23-03 SUV attacks called domestic terrorism
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6602494.htm

08-23-03 San Francisco: FBI issues alert over threat to oil facilities
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6602496.htm

08-25-03 Bomb set off in An-Najaf
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6612644.htm

08-26-03 46 killed in India by twin car blasts
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6619804.htm

08-26-03 Saudi-U.S. team to track terror funding
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6619832.htm

08-27-03 Deaths in India hit 52 in wake of bombings
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6628575.htm

08-27-03 Saudi Arabia: U.S. to deploy agents to probe terror funds
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6628598.htm

08-31-03 New York: Survey: Broadcast top source if terror strikes
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6661736.htm

08-31-03 India claims mastermind in '01 attack killed in clash
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6661754.htm

09-02-03 Cleric's death raises risk of civil war
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6671611.htm

09-03-03 Iraqi bombings keep postwar death toll rising
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6679871.htm

09-03-03 Cleric acquitted in terror case
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6679878.htm

4 Russians die in train blast
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6688672.htm

FBI seeks 4 suspected of plot against U.S.
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6707024.htm

09-07-03 Bush's address tonight to show new tack on Iraq
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6713436.htm

Poor intelligence reports blamed in terrorism battle
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6713442.htm

09-07-03 Indonesia defends terrorism acquittal
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6713443.htm

New Yorkers still on edge, two years later
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6719910.htm

09-08-03 Analysis: Mixing war on terrorism, postwar Iraq is a tough sell
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6719921.htm

09-09-03 Rumsfeld: Bush critics encourage terrorists
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6727376.htm

Americans feel no safer two years after Sept. 11
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/6735271.htm

09-10-03 Bali bomber 'mastermind' sentenced to death
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/m

Posted by David Melle at August 28, 2004 08:28 PM
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(According to digits.com)